WordPress is a CMS also known as Content Management System, fairly easy-to-use and mostly used by Community Managers and Web Designers. It helps to easily create websites for your clients, or without any proper knowledge of coding, programming, design or layout, any entrepreneur can start creating a website right from the scratch using WordPress.
Most web developers are fleeing WordPress when working on complex projects or those need “something more” than just a CMS using Web Frameworks like Codeigniter, ZendPHP, Laravel or PhalconPHP. Either, because their learning curve or development speed and good performance. Ignoring the fact that, WordPress is an excellent Web Framework for beautiful, robust & secure web application development.
Advantages of Using WordPress as Web Framework
There are numerous benefits of using WordPress as Web Framework however, it is reduced to well known and where others come to life:
User Management – Powerful and ready to use, manage users in WordPress is fairly complete, checking registration, creation, login, lock, profile picture (via Gravatar) and additional metadata per user, which saves a lot of work and hours of coding.
Documentation – The official WordPress documentation is the most complete and easy-to-use on the web, for all that there are going to develop integrated features that can help you work and greatly enhance your web application code.
Users – Everything that happens to you while you work with WordPress, as has happened to anyone in the world and possibly have raised the question a long time ago that has an answer. Almost 20% of the websites in the world are based on WordPress, so there are thousands of forums and users willing to resolve any stagnation you have with your code.
Plugins - As per the current statistics shown on the Official WordPress Site, there are 34,379 free plugins developers can use to enhance their website or web application. It contains plugins for various purposes such as E-commerce, Statistics, Integration, Improvement of native functions, Social Media, Forums and much more.
Topics - Possibly, for a Web application, many developers will think that its not necessary to use these items, however as per the Official WordPress Site, there are 2,789 free themes fully available for developing websites and web applications.
Types of Tickets - The strong point when it comes to creating web applications with WordPress; default input types are WordPress Post, Page, Attachment, Revision and nav menu item. You can create Custom Types or Custom Post Types Tickets, and including additional metadata and custom fields can build complex and robust web applications.
As per a simple analysis, any web developer would think that these are the only features of WordPress, and should not look beyond those. Due to which, it is not considered as a Framework. Often we lock ourselves to reinvent the wheel, when there are already walking Ferraris in the world.
Let’s build a simple application using a Custom Post Type UI Plugin, which brings different default WordPress Custom Fields and add some to that entry.
We create a web application that contains user management and control, monitoring and management of reader, reviews of books, blog and display a books catalog where each book should have the following information:
Number of Page
It is a simple application, which WordPress already has at least 50% of the work done. Why 50%? Because the management of user comments and blog, is ready for use in WordPress, we only need to create the user interface and books management. Using the Custom Post Types UI plugin, allowing us to add a Custom Post Type with your Custom Taxonomy in a quite friendly and very simple to use interface.
Download the Custom Post Type UI plugin and install it. Once installation is complete, proceed to create your Custom Post Type, filling in the fields as follows:
Post Type Name: Book (official name by which wordpress will recognize).
Label: Books (plural Official label to display to users).
Singular Label: Paper (Official label in the singular to show users).
Description: Books in our library (description).
Public: True (If books can be viewed publicly)
Show UI: True (To make changes to the official WordPress interface).
You Archive: True (To display the listings on our topic at the frontend)
Exclude from search: False (books will show search results in the frontend).
Capability type: Post (Users able to publish posts may publish new books. More info on skills).
Hierarchical: False (The books will not be children of other books, for now).
Rewrite: True (default for Permalinks can use it correctly).
Custom Rewrite Slug: Empty (Default post type name is used, in our case book).
With Front: True (To add to the URL slug in frontend).
Query Var: True (When you create applications and can get you code var query via PHP).
Show in Menu: True (to show you the menu for this custom post type).
Menu Icon: absolute URL to the icon of the custom post type.
Supports: (Add support for custom post type).
Label the following:
Author: No author of the book, but the creative user input in the application.
Featured Image: Featured image for placing the cover.
Built-In Taxonomies: By now we have a created taxonomy, so I will leave it blank.
Click on “Create Custom Post Type” and reload the web, you will notice that in the left you have the menu in your new post type with label Books and you can do hover and watch. Shows you a submenu with the word books, used to list all the books you have in the application and beneath New Book, because the labels do not work for it. If you click that link, you’ll see a screen similar to the creation of WordPress Posts or Pages but still we need information, we need to create our custom fields.
Download and install another plugin called “Advanced Custom Fields“. Once it is installed, see the Custom Fields menu in the Admin Panel and create your fields there. These are created in groups of fields for your application. Here, we will create a group of fields called Data Book and add the fields that we need:
Author: Type text
Year: Type number 1900 minimum.
Number of Pages: type number.
In the Location group standing on the field if see this field group: Post Type is equal to book places in the Options group:
Serial No: 1
Position: Normal (after content)
Style: Standard (WP Metabox)
Hide on Screen: Make Hide / Show all to select all options but uncheck the Excerpt and Featured Image options.
And press the Publish button. Note that we do not put Title, Synopsis and cover photo; it is because these fields and supports our custom post type with fields title, excerpt and featured image. Nor put the Gender field, because this will create it as a taxonomy in the previous plugin, Custom Post Types UI and add the entry type book. Try it creates the custom taxonomy for book, Literary Genres and adds 4 different genres of your choice on the new item that is added to the Books section of the same name.
If everything is correct, going to the link New Book on the menu, you will see downfield excerpt from the Data Group book created with the plugin Advanced Custom Fields and at right, you’ll see your taxonomy literary genres, along with your four taxonomies and if you a topic with Thumbnails support or Featured Images like Twenty fourteen, see the Featured Image field. Now start adding books and browse your web application frontend, all books go putting through the following URLs (example.com replaced with the name of your site):
example.com/book (will display a list of all your books)
example.com/book/web-development-principles (Sample book with that slug)
example.com/book?page=2 (keeps the second page book)
This is just a small appetizer of the power of WordPress as a web framework. In less than a hour with the help of other plugins or libraries we created a fairly complex application with the power to manage a database of books and reviews comments from users of our web application.
Note that these two plugins “Custom Post Types UI” and “Advanced Custom Fields” are often used in WordPress Development & have export options that allow us to see the PHP code that builds our fields to place in the functions.php file of our WordPress theme and deliver cargo applications databases. In particular, Advanced Custom Fields has a Theme Mode for integration with your topics and Options. With Tree you can create topics and completely configurable and customizable applications that can help you enhance production speed of your applications.